Let's say that during your lifetime, you create a will and a living trust. How do they work together? Even if you create a living trust, any assets not included the trust can be fully controlled and distributed the way you want after your death. This is why people choose to create a pour-over will. Read on to learn about pour-over wills and their legal effects.
What Is a Pour-Over Will?
A pour-over will is a type of will used with a living trust that "pours" all of the assets belonging to the testator into a trust that he or she had set up before death. The terms in a pour-over will allows any assets that the testator failed to transfer into a trust during his or her life to be passed into the trust at the testator's death. The purpose of pour-over wills is to guarantee the assets that weren't included in the trust will be transferred. Those assets will then be distributed to the beneficiaries of the trust.
How Does a Pour-Over Will Work?
Having a valid pour-over will saves you time because you don't have to constantly change your trust to add or replace trust assets. You only need to have some sort of valuable assets in the trust, and your pour-over will pick up any assets or property that are not included in your trust upon your death.
In order to validly execute a will, you must meet the following elements: (1) the testator's testamentary capacity; (2) the will is in writing; (3) the testator's signature on the will; and (4) two witnesses of will execution. For pour-over wills, the trusts to be "poured over" should mention the will and execute prior to or contemporaneously with the will. Make sure to check your state's law because some states may have additional requirements to will formalities.
Upon your death, the executor of your estate will start working on your estate. Executors have to go through probate and get permission from the probate court before proceeding on with their duties. Generally, an executor's main duties are gathering the assets and paying outstanding debts and loans.
For a pour-over will, the executor will need to take all of your assets that pass under the will and put them in the living trust you created. Once the assets are put in the trust, the trustee you named in your trust will collect the trust assets and distribute them to the named beneficiaries.
Advantages of a Pour-Over Will
So, why do people create a pour-over will instead of other types of wills? Here's a list of some benefits of using a pour-over will:
Disadvantage of a Pour-Over Will
As with other types of wills, pour-over wills require probate. While the assets left in the trust may be distributed immediately, any assets or property going through the will to the trust must go through the probate process. Depending on the case, the probate process can take a long time before the assets can be distributed.
Get a Free Initial Review of Your Estate Planning Situation
Pour-over wills are subject to additional requirements compared to other types of wills. Thus, it's highly advisable to consult with an experienced attorney to ensure you have an effective, legally binding will. Whether you're planning to create a will or having issues with an existing will, protect your legal interests by getting a free initial case review by an experienced attorney in your area today.